No one likes acne, pimple on their face Do you? Everyone wants clear glowing skin. The most frequent areas of the body where it appears on the skin are the face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back. Genetics, changing hormone levels, stress, excessive humidity, and the use of greasy or oily personal care products are a few of the factors. It is a skin disease that develops when oil and dead skin cells clog hair follicles. It occurs when the glands begin to produce too much sebum [oily and slightly waxy substance] . Sebum production increases due to Hormonal changes this includes testosterone, some progesterones, and phenothiazine.

How does it Develop?

The hair follicles, or pores, in your skin contain sebaceous glands[also called oil glands]. These glands make sebum, which is an oil that lubricates your hair and skin. Most of the time, the sebaceous glands make the right amount of sebum. As a teenager’s body begins to mature and develop, hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to make more sebum, and the glands become more active 

Who gets Acne?

People of all ages get acne, however it is more common in teenagers and young adults. Nearly 90% of people between puberty [12–14 years] to 30 years, experience some degree of pimple.

What causes Acne?

Although the exact cause of pimple is not known there are number of factors associated.

1- Hormonal changes related to menstrual period, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress.

2- Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products and and improper skincare. 

3- Certain drugs steroids, testosteron, estrogen and phenytoin . 

4- High levels of humidity and sweating. 

5- Genetic / Hareditary

How can acne be treated?

Acne treatment aims to reduce the number of lesions. Acne medication helps reduce oil production, inflammation, bacteria and plugged follicles. There are number of treatment options available which include topical[to be applied on to skin] medication as well as those taken orally. Based on the severity of acne either one or a combination of drugs is used to reduce acne lesions.

Why treatment is required?

It initially starts with mild form and if not treated at the right time, severity may increase. Treating acne is important to control the conditions, prevent formation of acne scars.

Few Acne Myths?

Myth #1- chocolate hair greasy food causes pimple

Fact: Research shows that chocolate, sweet, fats, and soda oil do not affect pimple, but it is still important to have a well-balanced diet so you will be strong and healthy.

Myth #2- Squeezing your pimples is the best way to get rid of them.

Fact– Squeezing your pimples can actually push James further down into your skin and make them larger and it may pose infection and lead to permanent to permanent scarring.

Myth #3- Washing your face as many times as you can helps control acne.

Fact– Actuall, it is recommended to wash your face twice a day with soap and water, not as many times as you can get to a sink. Also scrubbing your face really hard and frequently washing may actually worsen the condition by irritating your skin. 

Myth #4- You should not wear make up if you have acne.

Fact– Actually the use of makeup is relatively harmless when it is non-comedogenic[does not clog pores], hypo-allergic, and non-irritating. Some cosmetics not even come with pimple fighting ingredients like Benzoyl peroxide or Salicylic acid in them.

What are the skin care tips for acne?

  1. Keep your face clean and wash your skin gently with mild leisure preferable twice a day. Scrubbing hard may worsen acne. 
  2. Avoid touching acne or other official eruptions with your hands and spreading infections further.
  3. Wash your hair regularly.
  4. Avoid excessive hair oils or oil massages
  5. Eat a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables.
  6. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and to wash toxins from the body.
  7. Wash your pillow case at the end of every week.
  8. Door use oil-based and greasy makeup.
  9. Don’t take stress. Regular exercise and sufficient sleep are essential for a healthy skin.
  10. Wear soft cotton clothes to get relief from itching and irritation of acne on your back and shoulder.
  11. Make a habit to take a shower after exercise.
  12. Avoid dirt & pollutants. 
  13. Stay out of direct sunlight. 
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